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Malaysia

Malaysia

  • Malaysia is located in Southeast Asia to the north of Equator and the country consists of two non-adjacent regions, i.e. Peninsular Malaysia which is also known as West Malaysia and East Malaysia situated on Borneo Island.
  • Kuala Lumpur, the capital city of Malaysia, is located in the western part of the peninsula and around 25 miles away from the coast. Putrajaya is the administrative center located about 25 km to south of the capital city.
  • Malaysia has a federal constitutional monarchy with thirteen states and three federal territories divided by the South China Sea into two regions.
  • Malaysia is home to four UNESCO designated World Heritage sites.
    • Gunung Mulu National Park
    • Kinabalu Park
    • Melaka
    • George Town

Geography

  • Malaysia is the 66th largest country by total land area of 329,613 km, sharing its land borders with Thailand and Brunei and maritime borders with Singapore, Indonesia, Philippines and Vietnam.
  • It is the only country having a part in Asia mainland and another part in the Malay Archipelago.
  • Mount Kinabalu is the tallest peak in Malaysia located in the Kinabalu National Park. It is also amongst the four UNESCO World Heritage sites in Malaysia.
  • The largest island is Banggi.

Climate

  • Malaysia’s both peninsular and insular have equatorial climates. Temperature is moderate due to the presence of the surrounding ocean, leading to high humidity and the average annual rainfall of 250 cm.
  • Malaysia experiences Monsoon from -
    • Northeast Monsoon ( November - December)
    • Inter monsoonal period (March - April or May)
    • Southwest Monsoon (May to September)
  • Temperature is high throughout the year; the temperature in the peninsular area rises up to 27ºC
  • The minimum temperature is 23ºC, and the maximum rises to 32ºC

Natural Resources

  • The country is rich in mineral resources and mining, including petroleum extraction, which plays a vital role in the nation’s GDP.
  • Metallic ore, tin, bauxite, copper and iron are found.
  • Some minor ore is found including manganese, antimony, mercury and gold.

Economy

  • Malaysia’s economy has seen changes after 1970. It is now amongst the strongest and one of the fastest-growing economies, primarily based on exports of raw material, especially rubber and tin.
  • The country produces and exports rubber and palm oil in high quantities, also exports a considerable amount of petroleum and natural gas.
  • Agriculture, forestry and fishing also add to the country’s economy.

Demography

  • Malaysia is the 43rd most populous country in the world.
  • Population concentration is observed in the peninsular region of Malaysia as it is the economic center of the country.
  • Lesser population is found in the Kelantan and Terengganu river delta in the northeast.
  • East Malaysia has the least population as compared to the rest of the country.

States & Provinces

Provinces Capital
Johor Johor Bahru
Kedah Alor Setar
Kelantan Kota Bharu
Malacca Malacca City
Negeri Sembilan Seremban
Pahang Kuantan
Penang Grorge Town
Perak Ipoh
Perlis Kangar
Sabah Kota Kinabalu
Sarawak Kuching
Selangor Shah Alam
Terengganu Kuala Terengganu

Federal Territories

  • Federal Territory of Kuala Lumpur
  • Federal Territory of Labuan
  • Federal Territory of Putrajaya

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